Borneo is the third largest island in the world, spanning an area that is almost 745,000 hectares in size. From the iconic Orangutan and all eight species of Hornbills to the majestic Pygmy Elephants, Borneo is the best destination for wildlife sighting! Borneo is een eiland in Zuidoost-Azië. A young orangutan in the tropical forest of northern Borneo, Sabah, East Malaysia. It has a length of 830 miles (1,336 km) from northeast to southwest and a maximum breadth of 600 miles (960 km). By Mark Owuor Otieno on October 20 2017 in Environment. It also has coasts on the Java Sea, the Celebes Sea and Makasar Strait.Part of Borneo (Sabah and Sarawak) belongs to … The entire coastline has peat swamp forests on infertile soil. Farther north, as the island narrows, few rivers are navigable for more than 100 miles (160 km), often much less, a condition largely responsible for the northern interior of Borneo remaining, until recently, one of the least-known parts of the world. Geograficky je súčasťou juhovýchodnej Ázie. In detail, the Java Sea and Karimata Strait borders Borneo in the south and, were it not for the deep waters separating the island from Sulawesi, the two would have had a land connection. Ranges in the central spine include the Crocker, the Nieuwenhuis, and the Muller mountains. Rubber is grown on small native plantations. Floating market in Kalimantan, Indonesia, southern Borneo. Ho har over 18 millionar innbyggjarar. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Borneo is largely covered in dense rainforest, and both the floral and the faunal populations of the island are extremely varied. Its species range from the distinct Bornean orang utans and elephants to the giant pitcher plants and Rafflesia flowers. Borneo is home to more than 15,000 species of flowering plants, 3,000 tree species, 440 fish species, 420 bird species, and over 220 species of land mammals. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Borneo’s rainforest is one of the oldest in the world, approximately 140 million years, and host many endemic flora and fauna species like the Dayak fruit bat and the Borneo elephant. Borneo (malaijiksi Pulau Borneo, indonesiaksi Kalimantan) on maailman kolmanneksi suurin saari. The island is largely mountainous, although there are extensive lowlands, especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak, that are often swampy along the coasts. Borneo er delt mellom tre stater. Borneo delas politiskt av Indonesien, Malaysia och Brunei. Rice, the staple food, is supplemented with corn (maize), cassava (manioc), cucumber, and pumpkin. Along the northwest coast and northern tip lie Sarawak and Sabah, two constituent states of Malaysia that are often collectively called East Malaysia, and between them is the Islamic sultanate of Brunei. East coast development is centred on the Attaka area. The island of Borneo is divided among Malaysia, Indonesia, and the small, independent nation of Brunei. Met een oppervlakte van ongeveer 744.108 km² is Borneo het op twee na grootste eiland van de wereld; alleen Groenland en Nieuw-Guinea zijn groter. Borneo is surrounded by the Java Sea to its south, the Celebes Sea on its east, and the South China Sea to its north. Travel Reservation, Hotel Accommodation, Car hire, Attractions in Borneo and more. Mount Kinabalu is the tallest point at an elevation of 4, 095 meters. Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. The main agricultural products include vegetables, cacao, and rubber. Tobacco is grown in the uplands and traded to the lowlands. The forests are also noted for their epiphytes and for the monster flower (Rafflesia arnoldii), the largest flower in the world. Borneo, also called as Kalimantan, is one of the largest islands of the world. Numerous species of flora and fauna thrive in the vast habitat. The Borneo peat swamp forests are home to the world's most desirable aquarium fish, the Arowana (Scleropages formosus). Detailed, interactive and static maps of Borneo and satellite images for Borneo. Borneo is shared among three different countries - Indonesia (73%) to the south, Malaysia (26%), and Brunei (1%) to the north. Borneo has an extensive cave system that hosts millions of bats and cockroaches as well as guano of up to 330 feet thick. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. Borneon eteläosat kuuluvat Indonesialle, pohjoisosat Malesialle ja Bruneille. It includes non-Muslim Dayaks, Islamic Malays, Chinese, and a small minority of Europeans. It is ranked 3rd in terms of area (after Greenland and New Guinea). Brunei's population was … Amongst the ethnic groups, the Dayak constitute the majority followed by the Malay, Chinese, Banjar, Orang Ulu, and Kadazan-Dusun. ボルネオ島の旅行ガイドならトリップアドバイザー。ボルネオ島のホテル・観光名所・グルメに関する39,832件の口コミやユーザーが投稿した写真を利用して、最高の旅行プランを計画して下さい。 Newer markets are for the seeds of the shorea tree and for chicle. Map of Borneo and travel information about Borneo brought to you by Lonely Planet. Bauxite has been developed near Cape Datu in the southwest since the late 1950s, and coal has been mined in the southwest. Borneo is poor in commercial mineral resources. The island is The island is It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. Borneo Podatci Smještaj Jugoistočna Azija Otočna skupina Veliki sundski otoci Koordinate Država Brunej, Indonezija, Malezija Površina 743.330 km 2 km 2 Broj stanovnika Borneo, koji u Indoneziji nazivaju Kalimantan, ima površinu od 743.122 km² pa je treći po veličini otok na … Borneo er delt mellom tre statar. Borneo Blank Map 2000 x 2226 - 84.18k - png Borneo er ei øy i Søraustasia, og den største av dei store Sundaøyane. The rivers support the island’s transport and provide fresh water to the people. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? People also believe the Arowana has supernatural powers, or that it symbolises wealth and refinement, like a piece of art. Se sijaitsee Kaakkois-Aasiassa, Malaijien saaristossa Tyynenmeren äärimmäisessä lounaisosassa. Karimata Strait is to the south while to the west is Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. The population, of which more than two-thirds is in Indonesian territory, is varied. The highest peak in Borneo, Mt. Borneo (Indonesies: Kalimantan; Maleis: Pulau Borneo), die wêreld se derde grootste eiland, ná Groenland en Nieu-Guinee, beslaan 'n oppervlakte van 743 330 km² en word begrens deur die Suid-Chinese See in die noordweste, die Soeloesee in die noordooste, die Celebessee in die ooste en die Javasee in die suide. Visit Borneo also provides resources for expats and people relocating to Sabah and Sarawak on Malaysian Borneo, Kalimantan on the Indonesian Borneo, and Brunei Darussalam. There are extensive stands of teak, oak, conifers, and hardwoods of the Dipterocarpaceae family (including members the commercially valuable genus Shorea). The island doesn’t entirely belonging to any one nation, but is divided between three … Borneo covers a total 287,000 square miles, and is largely mountainous (the highest peak on Mount Kinabalu is 13,435 feet above sea level) with some lowlands especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak. Brunei is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo; the remainder of the island's territory is divided between the nations of Malaysia and Indonesia. Our Top Tours for wildlife include Sukau Rainforest Lodge, Malaysia’s only National Geographic Unique Lodge of the World, the luxurious Borneo Rainforest Lodge in misty Danum Valley, Selingan Island, and Tabin Wildlife Sanctuary. Agriculture, mining, logging, oil, natural gas extraction, and ecotourism are the main drivers of Borneo’s economy, in fact, Borneo is among the largest oil producers in the Southeast of Asia. Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, East Malaysia, highest peak on Borneo. Borneo’s climate is equatorial—hot and humid with a fairly distinct division into two seasons, consisting of a wet monsoonal period (landas) between October and March and a relatively drier, calmer period of summer (tedoh) for the rest of the year. As part of the Malay Archipelago, this island is the largest island in Asia and third largest island in the world after Greenland and New Guinea. Welcome to Borneo.com! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Med en yta på 743 330 km² är den världens tredje största ö. År 2005 hade den 15 721 384 invånare, 2009 18,6 miljoner. The Kapuas Hulu Mountains branch westward from the central core along the border between Sarawak and West Kalimantan, and a separate and discontinuous series of ranges parallel the east and southeast coasts in East and South Kalimantan. https://www.britannica.com/place/Borneo-island-Pacific-Ocean, Borneo - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). There are oil fields at Tanjung Balikpapan, in Brunei, and at more than a dozen other sites on the continental shelf off the north shore of the island. The island of Borneo is on the equator in the South China Sea. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. On average, annual rainfall amounts to 10 inches. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Island’s climate is largely hot and humid with two seasons (October-March is wet while the rest is fairly dry). (2015) five provinces of Kalimantan (including adjacent islands), 15,320,017; (2010) Sabah and Sarawak, 5,677,882; (2014 est.) Updates? Brunei, 411,900. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque at dusk, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. Størstedelen, rundt 73 %, høyrer til Indonesia og heiter Kalimantan. It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. Omissions? Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the Mahakam River (570 miles), the Rajang (565 miles), the Barito (560 miles), and the Kinabatangan (350 miles) as well as one of the longest underground rivers inside the Clearwater Cave. What is the world’s largest archipelago? The island is bounded by the South China Sea to the northwest, the Sulu Sea to the northeast, the Celebes Sea to the east, and the Java Sea to the south—the latter separating Borneo from the island of Java. There are also a great many species of birds, insects, and fish. To start with, Borneo is the third largest island in the world, a tropical jungle-clad island set in the South China Sea in SE Asia. It is part of the Indonesian archipelago. Canoe transportation on a river in Sarawak, East Malaysia, on Borneo. Din punct vedere politic insula este împărțită între statele Indonezia, Malaezia și Brunei, partea de nord sunt provinciile ce aparțin de Brunei și Malaezia, iar partea cea mai mare „Kalimantan” aparține Indoneziei. From the sky, Brunei's Temburong District looks like all of Borneo once did: an unbroken carpet of primary rainforest unblemished by roads, buildings or logging gashes. Pop. The Indonesian part of Borneo, known as Kalimantan, covers about 73 percent of the island, while Malaysian Borneo occupies the rest along the northern edge, along with tiny Brunei. Borneo, the world's third largest island, accounts for just 1% of the world's land yet holds approximately 6% of global biodiversity in its rich, tropical forests. Indonesians call the island Kalimantan while in Malay, it is Pulau Borneo. It is divided into four political regions. We are part of the Travelagents.com Network and one of over 50 Online City Guides - offering the best online travel deals from a choice of well known providers. Borneo island is surrounded by South China Sea, Makassar Strait, Celebes Sea, Sulu Sea, and the Java Sea. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. The main rivers of Kalimantan are the Kapuas in the west and the Mahakam in the east. Located southeast of the Malay Peninsula and southwest of the Philippines, Borneo is primarily mountainous, with dense areas of rain forest. Borneo covers a total 287,000 square miles, and is largely mountainous (the highest peak on Mount Kinabalu is 13,435 feet above sea level) with some lowlands especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak. [1] Teilweise wird die Bezeichnung Kalimantan im engeren Sinne auf den indonesischen Teil der Insel bezogen, unter anderem wegen der Benennung der fünf indonesischen Provinzen auf Borneo: West-, Süd-, Ost-, Nord- und Zentralkalimantan ergeben insgesamt Kalimantan im Sinne von indonesische Provinzen auf Borneo. Øya er den tredje største i verda, etter Grønland og Ny-Guinea, og har eit flatemål på 745 560 km². Borneo is the world's third-largest island and the largest island of Asia. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What are the islands of the Maldives made of? Experimental plantings of coffee, cocoa, and hemp have been made. The average annual rainfall is about 150 inches (3,800 mm). Peat swamps are the natural feature along the coas… Mammals endemic to the island include the Bornean clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) and the proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus). Borneo experiences an equatorial climate and therefore is generally hot and humid all year round. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Wildlife and Nature The island of Borneo is home to many unique and endangered species, such as the orang utan, proboscis monkey, the Borneo Rhino, the Pygmy Elephant, as well as the Green and Hawsbill Turtle. Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. The highest population densities are in South Kalimantan and in eastern, western, and northern coastal areas. The main river of East Malaysia is the Rajang in Sarawak. Jeho územie patrí krajinám Indonézia, Malajzia a Brunej a jeho celková rozloha je 743 330 km². 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