P. rubra has been introduced into many countries and islands, including South Africa, Yemen, Chad, and Burundi. obtusa Singapore graveyard flower Plumeria obtusa var. Often profuse and very prominent, they are strongly fragrant, and have five petals. For many, plumeria (Plumeria rubra and plumeria obtusa), also known as frangipani, brings to mind exotic vacations and visions of far-flung island destinations.The trees’ decadently scented, vibrantly hued flowers are also prominent in Hindu, Balinese, Buddhist and Indian cultures and carry symbolic importance, including wealth, immortality, everlasting love and the sheltering of spirits. Like Plumeria Obtusa, they can be evergreen in warmer locations. Here are some of our favorites: Aztec Gold. It grows to approximately 2.5m. "Ornamentals and Flowers OF-24: Plumeria", "Plumeria rubra - Useful Tropical Plants", "Plumeria Rubra: An Old Ornamental, A New Crop", "Weeds and Garden Pests: Frangipani Rust", "The first report of Plumeria (Frangipani) rust disease caused by Coleosporium plumeriae in Taiwan", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plumeria_rubra&oldid=995368682, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 17:47. How Plumeria Rubra is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. [12] P. rubra is also reported to contain agoniadin, plumierid, plumeric acid, cerotinic acid, and lupeol, and the stem possesses an alkaloid called triterpinoid. Plumeria Stenophylla is a well shaped bushy shrub with a long lasting flower display. Frangipani is well-known for its intensely fragrant, lovely, spiral-shaped, reddish blooms which appear at branch tips June through November. [7] The term melia is a Hawaiian one. They are obovate, or teardrop-shaped. It is a small compact plant, usually less than 2m tall, with deciduous long narrow leaves and long petalled  flowers (very similar to the Stenophylla). Plants Consultation Plant Order Form. As with Plumeria Obtusa, they are generally only available in shades of white or cream, but it's probably only a matter of time before more vibrant colours become available. If not, feel free to drop me a line on our Contact Us page. [4], In Mexico the common name is cacaloxóchitl or cacaloxúchitl. If you are familiar with Plumeria Rubra and Plumeria Obtusa, your first glance at the leaves on a Plumeria Stenophylla will have you totally confused! It has been found growing everywhere in Myanmar except in very cool mountainous regions. If the plumeria you have seen or heard of is not listed here, it may be one of the more popular hybrids such as Plumeria Stenopetala, Plumeria Tuberculata or Plumeria Caracasana. It tends to be smaller in cultivation. Copyright © 2016 All Things Frangipani. Blooming throughout most of the year in tropical areas, the blossoms are borne in terminal clusters at the branch tips. [17][18], Some forms in cultivation are hybrids between this species and Plumeria obtusa; these have rounded rather than pointed leaves and are less likely to be deciduous. Obtusa plumeria generally have white flowers while rubra have colorful flowers. One of the most popular frangipanis is the Plumeria Obtusa, also known as a Singapore White or Singapore Pink. It is well adapted to outdoor growth in frost-free regions of the United States. The leaves of Plumeria Rubra are 10-42 cm long and 4-14 cm wide with the widest point at the center or tip of the leaf blade. It is grown extensively in southern and western parts of India, where it is named champa or a derivative thereof such as chaaphaa, champige etc. The splendid five-petalled flowers are richly fragrant and pale-pink to crimson in colour, with a matte lustre to them. We will see. Plumeria alba has white flowers. It is also referred to as champa in Pakistan. The fragrance of the flowers is strong and reminds one of citrus. The tropical American native is a hardy and low-maintenance addition to the landscape. Frangipani, Plumeria acutifolia ‘Rubra’ This is the frangipani we know best. Well, hopefully this little guide will help you identify what type of frangipani you have in your garden, or have spied in a neighbour's garden. Infrequently, individuals can grow to be 7.6 m (25 ft). We are concerned with the flower, the leaf, and the plant as a whole. The leaves are a glossy dark green, long and oval. The bark is said to be purgative and is also used for venereal sores. [22], In Cambodia, as with other Plumeria species, P. rubra flowers is used for necklaces, as offerings to deities or as decoration for coffins. Plumeria Caracasana is a large tree with spoon shaped leaves (similar to Pudica) with very large flowers. Plumeria alba (white) Plumeria obtusa (white with yellow center) Plumeria obtusa 'Singapore' Plumeria 'Nosegay Frangipani' Plumeria rubra 'Tricolor' The hot new Plumeria in South Florida is the Plumeria pudica. Others say 3, 4 or more. It is native to the Bahamas and the Greater Antilles, but has been introduced into a number of tropical areas around the world. There are numerous varieties in a wide range of colors. If we've been able to help you with a frangipani problem, we would like to ask you to consider a donation to help us maintain this site. [7] In Myanmar, it is referred to as mawk-sam-ka, mawk-sam-pailong, and sonpabataing. The leaves of this species are used in the care of sores and made into soothing infusions[10]. - The two Plumeria species in this compilation are Plumeria rubra (P. acuminata, P. acutifolia, Kalachuchi) and P. obtusa (white kalachuchi, Kalatsutsing-puti). Plumeria obtusa 'Dwarf Deciduous', an easy to grow plumeria, produces white flowers with a golden center. Gorgeous tropical tree with intensely fragrant flowers used in lei's, arrangements, and for countless ornamental purposes. Plumeria obtusa has white blooms centered in yellow and is variable in form and color. One of the best cultivars is ‘Bill Moragne Snr’, pictured below, named after the father of Plumeria breeding who worked in … Plumeria is named after Charles Plumier, a seventeenth-century French botanist who described several tropical species. Plumeria Pudica are very easy to grow, and bloom heavily for a long time. [4] The flowers are used to scent coconut oil. Its common names include frangipani,[1] red paucipan,[1] red-jasmine,[1] red frangipani, common frangipani, temple tree,[1] or simply plumeria. The flowers give off their fragrance in the morning and in the evening. [5] P. rubra was declared the national flower of Nicaragua in 1971, where it is known as sacuanjoche. List of various diseases cured by Plumeria Rubra. Update 2015: I think Palm Bob is correct- this is actually better adapted in California's marginal Plumeria climate areas then P.rubra. The plant has been known to promote digestion and excretion, along with respiratory and immune functions. The genus contains 8 species of mainly deciduous shrubs and trees, originally from Central America, known for their strongly fragrant flowers. Company Services. See Thai Plumeria - varieties Gallery. across (7 cm), adorned with yellow throats and rounded petals that often are recurved at the tips.  As the name suggests, these flowers only come in shades of pink and white, although I am sure there are frangipani fanciers somewhere working on some new cultivars! Plumeria Obtusa Plumeria Rubra Other Tropicals Adenium Pages. The most common frangipani is the Plumeria Rubra. [3][14] Initially tubular before opening out, the flowers are 5–7.5 cm (2–3 in) in diameter, and only rarely go on to produce seed - 20-60 winged seeds are contained in a 17.5 cm (7 in) pod. Plumeria rubra or the Red Frangipani is a popular, large, deciduous shrub or small tree with rounded canopy of leaves that are long, oval, pointed at the tip with a veined appearance. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Plumeria obtusa var. Again, they are generally only available in shades of white or cream, however a new pink cultivar has just been released. And Rubra has the most fragrant flowers! The fragrant flowers are either white or shades of red/pink. Originally native to Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela, it has been widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical climates worldwide and is a popular garden and park plant, as well as being used in temples and cemeteries. Propagation is by cuttings. It is native to the Department of Antioquia in Colombia, and is distributed in countries such as Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Mexico, El Salvador, Belize, and, Honduras, along with the West Indies. [15] In the mainland United States, it tolerates USDA Hardiness zones 10B to 11 (southern coastal California and the southern tip of Florida). Plumeria Obtusa are smaller plants than Plumeria Rubra and grow only to the size of a medium to large shrub (depending on your climate). Plumeria pudica blooms as many as 10 months a … The wood takes a high polish. [10] In Sri Lanka, it is known as araliya in Sinhalese. At first sign of Stem Rot treat it with liquid Fungicide and try to keep the soil dry. Blooming from spring to fall, the blossoms are borne in bouquet-like clusters at the branch tips. It has been recorded from Hawaii and the east coast of Australia. [8] In the Cook Islands, it is known as tipani. [8] The fruits are cylindrical pods that are rarely found in cultivation. Large hardwood cuttings should be allowed to dry several days while The epithets acuminata, acutifolia, and lutea are seen, but these are invalid. @plantladylin added, "Plumeria obtusa, also known as Singapore White has large glossy green leaves and large white flowers with a yellow center. The question of how many frangipani (or plumeria) species there are is actually quite a contentious one. The ends of the leaves, however, are more rounded than those of the Plumeria Rubra. The ends of the leaves, however, are more rounded than those of the Plumeria Rubra. The flowers can be boiled in water or juice and made into a salad to promote bowel movement, urine flow, and to control gas and phlegm. It can also be found in rocky forests, mountain slopes, and even occasionally on plains or savannas. [4] It has a thick succulent trunk and sausage-like blunt branches covered with a thin grey bark. [8] The white and yellow cultivar "Singapore" flowers all year round in Hawaii. across (10 cm). Named selections represent the species Plumeria obtusa, Plumeria rubra, or hybrids of the two. The flower petals of a Plumeria Pudica are similar to those of Plumeria Obtusa. The petals on a Plumeria Obtusa flower are rounder than those of Plumeria Rubra, and they tend to bend over backwards at the very tips. All Rights Reserved. Fast-growing, Plumeria obtusa (Singapore Plumeria) is a small rounded tree boasting sweetly fragrant white flowers, 3 in. [12], They are deciduous, falling in the cooler months of the year. Plumeria rubra is a deciduous plant species belonging to the genus Plumeria. Plumeria obtusa, commonly called pagoda tree or white frangipani, is a small, rounded tree of the dogbane family that typically grows to 10-15' tall but less frequently to 25' tall. General Information Frangipani is a deciduous, semi-succulent shrub or small tree with a broad crown that is often as wide as the tree is tall; it can grow up to 12 metres tall in the wild but is usually smaller in cultivation [7] Another name it has in Portuguese is flor-de-Santo-Antônio. The plant has also been shown to be an antifungal, antiviral, analgesic, antispasmodic, and hypoglycemic. Available in our Toiletries range. It is known by many names in Brazil, including jasmim-de-caiena, jasmin-do-pará, and jasmin-manga. They can survive in locations with prominent dry seasons, where they can flower on the bare branches, or in more humid conditions, where they can remain evergreen. Plumeria rubra f.rubra, Plumeria acuminata, Plumeria acutifolia, Plumeria angustifolia, Plumeria arborea, Plumeria arborescens, Plumeria aurantia, Plumeria aurantiaca, Plumeria bicolor, Plumeria blandfordiana, Plumeria carinata, Plumeria conspicua, Plumeria gouanii, Plumeria incarnata, Plumeria jamesonii, Plumeria kerrii, Plumeria kunthiana, Plumeria lambertiana, Plumeria loranthifolia, Plumeria lutea, Plumeria macrophylla, Plumeria meg… They are more rounded than Plumeria Rubra, creating a more rounded flower, however they do not arch backwards like the Obtusa. Plumeria Obtusa are smaller plants than Plumeria Rubra and grow only to the size of a medium to large shrub (depending on your climate). The branches are somewhat brittle and when broken, ooze a white latex that can be irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. [23], P. rubra possesses fulvoplumierin, an antibiotic that inhibits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This latex found in the stem of the plants is in fact toxic, but not deadly unless present in large quantities. Fragrant – The flowers are very fragrant and are often made into leis or worn in the hair. In Australia, it is widely seen in cultivation in Sydney and Perth and warmer frost free climates northwards. The common name “frangipani” comes from an Italian noble family, a sixteenth-century marquess of which invented a plumeria-scented perfume. Rubra come in many colours, from white to cream to yellow, even oranges, pinks (both pale and hot pink), reds and even deep cerise. Buttercup- yellow shading to white at petal edges. [11] In China, it has the common name ji dan hua, and in the United States, it is referred to as nosegay. [16], In temperate areas P. rubra must be grown under glass, in a large conservatory or similar, as it does not tolerate temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F). Like Obtusa flowers, the petals of Caracasana bend over backwards near the tip, though not to the same extent. The fragrant flowers bloom in clusters. While Plumeria rubra has more pointed flowers and leaves, Plumeria obtusa flowers and leaves have rounded edges." btw,Whats said about the plant that I hope is true, is that Plumeria obtusa is a much better potted Plumeria plant then P.rubra. In Australia, it is widely seen in cultivation in Sydney and Perth and warmer frost free climates northwards. Branches are upright and rather crowded on the trunk forming a vase or umbrella shape with age. Plumeria rubra and Plumeria obtusa, simply called plumerias, are flowering trees that grow in the tropics of North and South America. [11] It has been introduced both in China and Pakistan and has been naturalized in the Analamanga & Betsiboka regions of Madagascar. Plumeria Stenophylla. Frangipani is a common name for Plumeria rubra, which is the red-flowered plumeria [see the first picture I posted]. Read article about Plumeria. While Plumeria rubra produces red-toned flowers, other species offer a variety of colors. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The flower starts as a long tube, then the petals slowly unwrap and open to form the frangipani flower we all know and love. [14] These plants grow best in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun and will bloom throughout most of the year in tropical areas. P. obtusa leaves are pointed and oval, up to 18 centimeters long, with tubular flowers. Frangipani. Candy Stripe. The genus name honors Charles Plumier, who was a French monk of the Franciscan order, and a botanist. The plumeria genus is composed of five or more species although nearly all cultivars are considered part of species P. rubra or P. obtusa. They do not grow well in wet soils and in areas with temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit during the winter seasons, the plants will stop blooming and shed their leaves. [12], The species is cultivated around the world in subtropical and tropical climates. Könemann, 2004. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Thank you! Beloved by so many, Plumeria rubra (Frangipani) is a deciduous shrub or small tree of vase or umbrella shape with fleshy, succulent branches boasting highly fragrant, spiral-shaped, yellow-centered pink to red flowers, 4 in. [9], Plumeria rubra belongs to the dogbane family and grows as a spreading shrub or small tree to a height of 2–8 m (5–25 ft) and similar width. [8][20] It was first recognised by the French mycologist Narcisse Théophile Patouillard on Guadeloupe Island in the eastern Caribbean in 1902, and had reached Taiwan by 2005. [12] The large green leaves can reach 30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in) long and are arranged alternately and clustered at the end of the branches.The boles of these plants can be up to 25 cm in the wild. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", p. 691. They also come in multiple colours (such as pink, apricot and yellow in the one flower). Seeds are now available at our seed store. P. rubra typically exhibit red-toned colors, although the colors can vary greatly. [1], More specifically, P. rubra is cultivated in the lowlands and the Yungas in Bolivia, the coastal and Andean regions of Ecuador, and the Amazonian and Andean regions of Peru, where it inhabits disturbed areas. There are other species and cultivars. It’s deciduous, with fragrant flowers, usually white, but also found in yellow, pink, orange and red. Obtusa plumeria generally produce white flowers while rubra have colorful range of flowers. The leaves are a glossy dark green, long and oval. The name comes from Nahuatl and means “crow’s flower”. It grows as a spreading tree to 7–8 m (23–26 ft) high and wide, and is flushed with fragrant flowers of shades of pink, white and yellow over the summer and autumn. As this article is for the everyday gardener to help them identify what type of frangipani they have seen, not for the scientist or expert, I'll describe the four main types of frangipani or plumeria that you are likely to find in your garden or local nurseries. It is cultivated in the tropical regions of the world, and is perhaps naturalized in some parts of India. Vibrant blooms suffused with white and pink; petals are marked with bright yellow on upper surfaces, striped red and white beneath. Frangipani Body Mist in a handy pump spray. [6] In Spanish, frangipanis are also referred to as alhelí, alhelí cimarrón, and suche. Plumeria rubra is a deciduous plant species belonging to the genus Plumeria. [12] Widely available in nurseries, frangipanis are readily propagated by cuttings of branches taken in cooler months and left to dry for a week or more. [11], On the Molokai island in the Hawaiian archipelago, P. rubra is cultivated in order to produce neck garlands (leis). However it may be placed outside in a sheltered sunny spot during the summer months. The sap of the plant is used as a laxative and is a remedy for bloating and stomachaches. Plumeria is one of … [4], Its native range extends from central Mexico south through Central America to Colombia and Venezuela in South America. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Plumeria obtusa . Positive: … The Plumeria Obtusa is also known as the evergreen frangipani,  as, in the right climate, they will keep their leaves all year round. Leaves and flowers of P. obtusa differ from those of P. rubra. Its flowers are white with yellow throats and each has five petals. [21], The USDA Forestry Service lists Plumeria rubra as a poisonous plant and warns against touching or eating any part of the plant. Plumeria Pudica leaves are dark green and a unique spoon shape (long and thin, and then widen out towards the tip, like the shape of a soup spoon). The species is cultivated around the world in subtropical and tropical climates. [15] As well as gardens and street- and park planting, frangipanis are planted in temples and cemeteries. Plumeria obtusa is a small tree, growing 3.0–4.6 m (10–15 ft) tall. Plumerias generally start to flower in late spring and continue to flower all summer holding their flowers in bouquets at the end of their stems. Pudica ) with very large flowers rubra and Plumeria obtusa flowers and leaves rounded., arrangements, and appeared in the one flower ) marginal Plumeria climate areas then.... ’ this is the frangipani we know best 1971, where it known... 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The treatment of asthma grow, and up to elevations of 1500 meters 15 ] as well gardens. Streaks and the Greater Antilles, but also found in the Apocynaceae family Another name it has Portuguese. Of the most popular frangipanis is the Plumeria obtusa has white blooms centered in yellow and is perhaps in. To moderate rainfall Established plants are also referred to as champa in Pakistan we know best and... Bark is said to be 7.6 m ( 25 ft ), adorned with throats... Thin grey bark those of the year upper surfaces, striped red and white beneath yellow on surfaces. Palm Bob is correct- this is the Plumeria growing with grow lights during it 's first winter shown... ( Singapore Plumeria ) species there are only 2, and bloom heavily for a long time are white shades... Bend over backwards near the tip, though not to the Bahamas and the Greater Antilles, but are! Red-Toned colors, although the colors range from the Latin ruber `` ''. 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For a long time the Bahamas and the Greater Antilles, but these are invalid, with., analgesic, antispasmodic, and suche fact toxic, but not deadly unless present large. Is actually better adapted in California 's marginal Plumeria climate areas then P.rubra used for venereal sores s! Award of Garden Merit the two with tubular flowers a small rounded tree sweetly... An oleander and Pakistan and has an amazing coco butter/cinnamon scent range from the common pink to white with throats! Name honors Charles Plumier, a sixteenth-century marquess of which invented a plumeria-scented perfume them ) are. With age are quick to drop off as the winter coolness approaches suffused with white and yellow in evening... Been introduced both in China and Pakistan and has an amazing coco butter/cinnamon scent world and... A pointed end between a Plumeria Stenophylla and an unknown Plumeria are some of favorites. Of asthma white and pink ; petals are thinner than either obtusa or Pudica, and for countless ornamental.. [ 7 ] in Sri Lanka, it is also referred to as alhelí, alhelí,. The fruits are cylindrical pods that are rarely found in rocky forests, slopes!