However, this objection is not valid, as the two clauses express distinct ideas; "I will put my trust in Him" expresses His filial confidence in God as His Father, to whom He flees from His sufferings, and is not disappointed; which His believing brethren imitate, trusting solely in the Father through Christ, and not in their own merits. The parable was a smacking reminder of what their ancestors did to the prophets. There He was, hanging on the cross in agony. Verses 12 and 13 of this Hebrews chapter steer readers toward Scriptures that foretold His death (Psalm 22 and Isaiah 6-8). He asked the listeners “Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?” Their response was acutely prophetic. "Signs" and miracles, or other facts regarded as proofs of a divine mission; "wonders" are miracles viewed as prodigies, causing astonishment ( Acts 2:22 Acts 2:33 ); "powers" are miracles viewed as evidences of superhuman power. Behold I and the children, &c.--( Isaiah 8:18 ). A son would be born to a virgin and he would be called Immanuel –meaning God is here with us. many--( Matthew 20:28 ). it behooved him--by moral necessity, considering what the justice and love of God required of Him as Mediator (compare Hebrews 5:3 ), the office which He had voluntarily undertaken in order to "help" man ( Hebrews 2:16 ). his); then at Hebrews 2:9 , first JESUS is introduced as fulfilling, as man, all the conditions of the prophecy, and passing through death Himself; and so consequently bringing us men, His "brethren," to "glory and honor." The death, as man, must first be, in order that the bringing in of the blood into the heavenly Holy Place might follow, in which consisted the expiation as High Priest. In 1 John it is communion between Father and sons (sin breaks communion). Hebrews 2. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter … Introduction. . Then there’s “I and the children whom God has given me.” This last one is a reference to an allegory that God gave Isaiah for the people –it was his first task as a prophet (recorded in chapters six through eight of Isaiah). spoken by angels--the Mosaic law spoken by the ministration of angels ( Deuteronomy 33:2 , Psalms 68:17 , Acts 7:53 , Galatians 3:19 ). … of one--Father, God: not in the sense wherein He is Father of all beings, as angels; for these are excluded by the argument ( Hebrews 2:16 ); but as He is Father of His spiritual human sons, Christ the Head and elder Brother, and His believing people, the members of the body and family. For--giving a reason why "the grace of God" required that Jesus "should taste death." From the mouth of infants and nursing babes You have established strength. You have made him for a little while lower than the angels  [messengers]; You have crowned him with glory and honor, And have appointed him over the works of Your hands; You have put all things in subjection under his feet. But we do see Him who was made for a little while lower than the angels  [messengers], namely, Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, so that by the grace of God He might taste death for everyone. power--Satan is "strong" ( Matthew 12:29 ). Sins bring death and "the fear of death" ( Hebrews 2:15 ). "This world" is used in contrast to express the present fallen condition of the world ( Ephesians 2:2 ). Far from my deliverance are the words of my groaning. Hebrews Summary. . What, &c.--How insignificant in himself, yet how exalted by God's grace! I prefer, with CALVIN, understanding, "to make perfect as a completed sacrifice": legal and official, not moral, perfection is meant: "to consecrate" (so the same Greek is translated Hebrews 7:28 ; compare Margin) by the finished expiation of His death, as our perfect High Priest, and so our "Captain of salvation" ( Luke 13:32 ). 19 But You, O Lord, be not far off; O You my help, hasten to my assistance. It was a mission beneath Jesus’ position and the respect He was due. ( 1 Corinthians 15:27 .) Satan has acquired over man (by God's law, Genesis 2:17 , Romans 6:23 ) the power of death by man's sin, death being the executioner of sin, and man being Satan's "lawful captive." There were two aspects of Jesus’ life and both had to meet certain standards to qualify as the sacrifice. This verse implies that the Hebrews of the churches of Palestine and Syria (or those of them dispersed in Asia Minor [BENGEL], 1 Peter 1:1 , or in Alexandria) were primarily addressed in this Epistle; for of none so well could it be said, the Gospel was confirmed to them by the immediate hearers of the Lord: the past tense, "was confirmed," implies some little time had elapsed since this testification by eye-witnesses. Moses is distinguished from the other prophets in that he was given the set of traditions for the Hebrews to live by as priests (ambassadors). The passage goes on to say that Jesus is the One who sanctifies –meaning that He now sets believers apart in this world for the specific purpose of being priests of salvation. The Hebrew, "Enosh" and "Ben-Adam," express "man" and "Son of man" in his weakness: "Son of man" is here used of any and every child of man: unlike, seemingly, the lord of creation, such as he was originally (Genesis 1:1-2:25'), and such as he is designed to be ( Psalms 8:1-9 ), and such as he actually is by title and shall hereafter more fully be in the person of, and in union with, Jesus, pre-eminently the Son of man ( Hebrews 2:9 ). "Had not death by death borne to death the death of Death, the gate of eternal life would have been closed". Please try again later. And You crown him with glory and majesty! (Hebrews 2:1-3). God in His electing love, by Christ's finished work, perfectly sanctifies them to God's service and to heaven once for all: then they are progressively sanctified by the transforming Spirit "Sanctification is glory working in embryo; glory is sanctification come to the birth, and manifested" [ALFORD]. The power which death has Satan wields. visitest--lookest after him, as one present. Christ's Sonship (by generation) in relation to God is reflected in the sonship (by adoption) of His brethren. And He would be the downfall, a stumbling stone, a trap, a snare to those who didn’t. We, like them, still pray, "Thy kingdom come"; for its manifestation in glory is yet future. gifts, &c.--Greek, "distributions." 2. At first glance, these three short excerpts seem to say that Jesus showed His followers that He was faithful even to His death. 5 Yet You have made him a little lower than God, And You crown him with glory and majesty! What message was the penman trying to convey to the Hebrew people? Its phrase You have made him for a little while lower than the angels. 21 Save me from the lion’s mouth; From the horns of the wild oxen You answer me. Sonship, holiness ( Hebrews 2:11 ), and glory, are inseparably joined. "God makes of sons of men sons of God, because God hath made of the Son of God the Son of man" [ST. AUGUSTINE on Psalm 2]. (See: Hebrews 10:19,20; John 3:13,25-31; II Corinthians 6:2; Matthew 11:11; Acts 2:29-36; John 14:2) God’s dealings with the natural seed of Abraham were designed to prepare them for this special call. The Jew would find it difficult to accept Christ as priest. Epistles: Freed From the Fear of Death (Hebrews 2:14-18) Then Hebrews quotes from Isaiah 8:17: “I will put my trust in him.” (Isaiah 8 is also a messianic passage; verse 14 is about the stone of stumbling.) The Hebrews who lived during and after Jesus’ lifetime knew that He preached that faith was the path to righteousness –that He was the way into the kingdom of Heaven –that only He could take them to God, His Father. The prophets relayed messages from God. You have made him for a little while lower than the angels. Not as the law, spoken by the instrumentality of angels ( Hebrews 2:2 ). “I will put My trust in Him” foretold how He was going to cope with the certainty of His crucifixion –by trusting His Father to raise Him to new life. Warning #3: Failing to Mature. Scripture: Hebrews 2:14–18. Regarded from the Old Testament standpoint, which looks prophetically forward to the New Testament (and the Jewish priesthood and Old Testament ritual were in force then when Paul wrote, and continued till their forcible abrogation by the destruction of Jerusalem), it is "the world to come"; Paul, as addressing Jews, appropriately calls it so, according to their conventional way of viewing it. Acts 3:15 , "Prince of life" ( Acts 5:31 ). 17. 20 Deliver my soul from the sword, My only life from the power of the dog. It’s not the believers who followed Him while He was living on the earth. and didst set him over the works of thy hands--omitted in some of the oldest manuscripts; but read by others and by oldest versions: so Psalms 8:6 , "Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands.". He was actually made so, when He entered within the veil, from which last flows His ever continuing intercession as Priest for us. I will proclaim Your name to My brethren, In the midst of the congregation I will sing Your praise, Behold, I and the children whom God has given Me. . 5. ( Hebrews 2:14 Hebrews 2:15 ). “For both He who sanctifies [that’s Jesus] and those who are sanctified [that’s believers] are all from one Father.” Since He, and now they, have the same Father, “He is not ashamed to call them brethren.”. 12. This is the subject of Hebrews. For if the word spoken through angels [messengers] proved unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just penalty, how will we escape if we neglect so great a salvation? "Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. . Hebrews Chapter 4 (and the rest of Chapter 3) The Promise of Rest. On the cross, whereon as Priest He offered the sacrifice, He had the title "King" inscribed over Him [BENGEL]. Compare "power of the enemy" ( Luke 10:19 ). The main object of Hebrews 2:1-4. The author of sin is the author of its consequences. As such, He has been given the extraordinary title of merciful and faithful High Priest. 36 Again he sent another group of slaves larger than the first; and they did the same thing to them. Hebrews Chapter 6 Eternal Salvation Question. They mockingly said “He trusts in God; let God rescue Him now, If He delights in Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God’” (Matthew 27:39-43). that through death--which He could not have undergone as God but only by becoming man. It will be told of the Lord to the coming generation. faithful--true to God ( Hebrews 3:5 Hebrews 3:6 ) and to man ( Hebrews 10:23 ) in the mediatorial office which He has undertaken. You have been my God from my mother’s womb. spoken." we must" This is the term "dei," which means moral necessity. Hebrews 2 – Jesus, Our Elder Brother A. for whom--God the Father ( Romans 11:36 , 1 Corinthians 8:6 , Revelation 4:11 ). 43 He trusts in God; let God rescue Him now, if He delights in Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’”, What is man, that You remember him? Man, in his original creation, was set next beneath them. For the Saviour's participation in the lowness of our humanity is not mentioned till Hebrews 2:14 , and then as a consequence of what precedes. by whom are all things," to mark the becomingness of Christ's suffering as the way to His being "perfected" as "Captain of our salvation," seeing that His is the way that pleased Him whose will and whose glory are the end of all things, and by whose operation all things exist. They will come and will declare His righteousness. He is the Son over God's house. Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and might free those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives. I will proclaim Your name to My brethren, In the midst of the congregation I will sing Your praise. The forfeited inheritance (according to Jewish law) was ransomed by the nearest of kin; so Jesus became our nearest of kin by His assumed humanity, in order to be our Redeemer. To You they cried out and were delivered; In You they trusted and were not disappointed. Paul probably alludes to Isaiah 41:8 , Jeremiah 31:32 , Septuagint, from which all Jews would know well that the fact here stated as to Messiah was what the prophets had led them to expect. The passage starts out saying that God the Father required His Son to share in mankind’s experiences. Appropriately also in his Epistles to Gentiles, he dwells on his independent call to the apostleship of the Gentiles; in his Epistle to the Hebrews, he appeals to the apostles who had been long with the Lord (compare Acts 1:21 , 10:41 ): so in his sermon to the Jews in Antioch of Pisidia ( Acts 13:31 ); and "he only appeals to the testimony of these apostles in a general way, in order that he may bring the Hebrews to the Lord alone" [BENGEL], not to become partisans of particular apostles, as Peter, the apostle of the circumcision, and James, the bishop of Jerusalem. Read this chapter in full. God’s method for ensuring truthful, binding testimony required two or more witnesses to present the same account. It was partially realized during Isaiah’s lifetime with the devastating Assyrian takeover and captivity of the northern kingdom –and later with the Babylonian takeover of the southern kingdom. 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