Many students in the programme attended universities abroad after graduation. The Latin word is also found in the Arabic designation for these populations, البربر (al-Barbar); see Names of the Berber people. ", "La mondialisation, une chance pour la francophonie", Office national des statistiques d’Algérie, Algeria wants to learn English from India, Insécurité dans les établissements scolaires Une écolière de 7 ans violée au lycée Bouamama (ex-Descartes), Centre d'études et de recherches en planification linguistique, Pratiques langagières d’étudiants en médecine de la Faculté d’Alger, http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/country/Algeria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Algeria&oldid=994427197, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Pages using Infobox country languages with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Benrabah, Mohamed. Within Northern Berber, however, he recognises a break in the continuum between Zenati and their non-Zenati neighbours; and in the east, he recognises a division between Ghadamès and Awjila on the one hand and Sokna (Fuqaha, Libya), Siwa and Djebel Nefusa on the other. Many in the south also have Berber as their first language. Algeria’s Berber community took to the streets on Wednesday demanding official recognition of the Amazigh language. Benrabah "Language maintenance and spread: French in Algeria" p. 194. In, Rössler, Otto. French is also used in media and business. Over 60% of university students in Algeria are educated in French. In Algeria, the Arabization and the rise of Islamist movements caused violent protests, which led to the constitutional recognition of Berber as a national language in 2002. [24] Around 1997 the Algerian government had passed laws prohibiting officials from speaking any language other than Arabic publicly. [20] On 17 June 2011 King Mohammed VI announced in a speech of new constitutional reform that "Tamazight" became an official language of Morocco alongside Arabic and will be used in all the administrations in the future. Photo: Vermundo/Wikipedia Converting to Islam. Berber Phrases. Many in the south also have Berber as their first language. (See related story “In Algeria, the Berber Language … Algerian Arabic (or darija) is spoken by 85% of the total population and 83% of Arab speakers. [28] In 1963 the government recruited 1,000 Egyptians as Arabic teachers. There are also some Kabyle speakers in France, Belgium, the USA and a number of other countries. They comprise a group of closely related languages spoken by the Berbers, who are indigenous to North Africa. In southern Algeria, some courses use the Berber script of Berber-speaking populations are dominant in the coloured areas of modern-day North Africa. The now extinct Guanche language spoken on the Canary Islands by the Guanches, as well as possibly the languages of the ancient C-Group culture in today's southern Egypt and northern Sudan, are believed to have belonged to the Berber branch of the Afroasiatic family. "[6], Algerian Arabic is the language of 73% of Algeria's population according to which study ?. In Algeria: the Tamazight-speaking zones in Algeria are less homogenous than in Morocco. This even though in Algeria, counting the Kabyle, Mzab, Chaoui, Touareg and 13 other ethnic groups, the Berber make up around one-third of the population. [3][4] Berber has been recognized as a "national language" by constitutional amendment since 8 May 2002. A statement issued by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika said that a constitutional amendment will be drawn up instituting the change. Mali and Niger recognise a Tuareg Berber Latin alphabet customised to the Tuareg phonological system. In Language Conflict in Algeria , Mohamed Benrabah surveys nearly two centuries’ worth of language politics and linguistic culture in Algeria, from the eve of the There is historical evidence from medieval Berber manuscripts that all indigenous North Africans from Libya to Morocco have at some point called their language Tamaziɣt. Réflexion sur le statut de la langue française en Algérie" (Foreign language: A reflection on the status of the French language in Algeria). The number of Berber people is much higher than the number of Berber speakers. You are in the right place and time to meet your ambition. Richard Hayward, 2000, "Afroasiatic", in Heine & Nurse eds, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Centre de Recherche Berbère - La Langue Berbère", "Some grammatical features of Ancient Eastern Berber (the language of the Mudawwana)", "Some grammatical features of ancient Eastern Berber", "Muhammad Awzal and the Berber Literary Tradition of the Sous", "Algeria reinstates term limit and recognises Berber language", Reconciling archaeological and linguistic evidence for Berber prehistory, "Which Script for Tamazight, Whose Choice is it ? The Berber languages are considered the native language of Algeria since antiquity. Traditionally, the term Tamazight (in various forms: Thamazighth, Tamasheq, Tamajaq, Tamahaq) was used by many Berber groups to refer to the language they spoke, including the Middle Atlas, the Riffians, the Sened in Tunisia and the Tuareg. 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